Schuylkill Township is located along the Schuylkill River on the eastern border of Chester County in southeastern Pennsylvania. The township covers 9.44 square miles. The population at the 2020 census was 8,780. The Schuylkill River forms the township’s northern boundary, and Mount Misery (also known as Valley Forge Mountain) is the southern boundary. To the east is Valley Forge National Historical Park. The Borough of Phoenixville lies to the north and west.